Politics, Education and Citizenship (Education, Culture and Values)

Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read online Politics, Education and Citizenship (Education, Culture and Values) file PDF Book only if you are registered here. And also you can download or read online all Book PDF file that related with Politics, Education and Citizenship (Education, Culture and Values) book. Happy reading Politics, Education and Citizenship (Education, Culture and Values) Bookeveryone. Download file Free Book PDF Politics, Education and Citizenship (Education, Culture and Values) at Complete PDF Library. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. Here is The CompletePDF Book Library. It's free to register here to get Book file PDF Politics, Education and Citizenship (Education, Culture and Values) Pocket Guide.

Citizenship education was initially introduced in schools on the philosophy of building a strong vertical relationship between the state and citizens by means of democratic participation and social renewal Tonge et. However, concerns over the political involvement of youth and the continual emphasis on the need to enable them to socialize better gave way to stress on the need to redefine national identity and the sense of belonging.

In UK particularly, these concerns were driven largely by the riots in Bradford and Oldham and gain intensity with the London attacks. In the recent years, increasing efforts have been made to tune citizenship education with the right political knowledge that could bring about civil renewal and ensure active citizenship. As argued by Blunkett cited in Tonge et. It has also been argued that making citizenship a part of school curriculum, a more tolerant, civic and more demanding sense of nationalism can be generate Tonge et. Citizenship not only lays stress on the social and political dimensions but also takes into account the impact of historical context.

Numerous small-scale as well as large-scales social researches have been conducted for determining the effect of citizenship education in schools. The National Foundation for Education Research carried out an empirical study in to investigate the influence of citizenship education programs on the learning outcomes and experiences of individuals Keating et. The main objectives of the study were to evaluate the short-term as well as the long-term effects of citizenship education on youth, to find out whether different teaching processes can have different outcomes and finally, to highlight any potential changes that can be made to improve the effectiveness of such courses.

The findings of the research showed that citizenship practices of young people have significantly changed over time in terms of their efficacy, attitudes and attachments, however the results are mixed. The research suggested that citizenship learning should be begin at school level and must go beyond college level in order to improve its effectiveness. It was also recommended that certain changes in the teaching procedures need to be adopted for enhanced political literacy Keating et.

Ever since the need of introducing citizenship education has gained attention, there has also been much opposition to this trend. Initially when the education for citizenship movement started in the early 20th century, the major opposing viewpoint was that introduction of such a subject will be an extra burden on students and study and exam stress would undermine the true purpose of citizenship learning.

However, the nature of arguments against this subject changed with the passage of time.

Open Journal Systems

The challengers claim that the guiding material has been extremely inadequate as it does not take into account the fact that citizenship is fundamentally a contested topic. There has also been growing concerns about the way the subject should be taught as it has a highly sensitive nature and if not handled by an unbiased specialist, it can transfer adverse concepts that can ultimately give rise to negative or extreme beliefs about immigrants and people of different ethnic and cultural backgrounds.

Several reports have underlined the assessment, resource and pedagogic problems encountered in introducing the subject in school curriculum because little or no consideration has been given to bias or inequalities in the quantity and quality of education which could have affect its teaching in schools and can have severe consequences in terms of contrasting political and economic opinions and policies.

Many argue that participative and enlightened citizenship, and the principles and ethical values that encourage its progress, are best served by a democratic, classless ethos which promotes justice and social attachment in education and the larger society. In spite of all the above mentioned misunderstandings and opposing arguments, the importance of having citizenship education implemented in schools cannot be denied. Education for citizenship in schools not only tends to empower young people by making them aware of their rights as a citizen but also motivates them to play an active role in the political field and in the society at large.

Bibliography Beck, J. Citizenship education: problems and possibilities. Curriculum studies, vol. Citizenship Foundation. The importance of citizenship education, viewed 24 May Democratic Life. Keating, A. Gearon, L. Osler, A. Teachers, human rights and diversity: educating citizens in multicultural societies, Trentham, Stroke on Trent. McCowan, T. National Curriculum Association. Viewed 26 May Tonge, J.

Does citizenship education make young people better-engaged citizens? Political Studies. Confidentiality Guarantee. Introduction The aim of this essay is to explore the reasons why Citizenship should be taught to young students and highlight its significance in terms of cognitive learning. Development of Citizenship Education Citizenship education has a long but unsteady history in England. Increased Acceptability of Differences If children are given citizenship education from an early age, they are likely to be more accustomed to dealing with their differences in a rational way and will accept these differences as something normal.

Awareness of Rights, Responsibilities and Duties Civics or citizenship education is interpreted generally to involve the preparation of young mind playing their role effectively in the society and this is accomplished by making them conscious of their social and moral duties and responsibilities as a citizen of a democratic society Gearon , p. Scope of Citizenship Education Citizenship education is a term which has been distinguished from civics education but it incorporates wide range of subjects including social sciences, civics, social studies, moral education, life skills and world studies.

Values, Beliefs and Disposition Citizenship education serves to develop the key values and fundamental beliefs that play an important role in the establishment of a healthy democratic state. Political Awareness Citizenship education was initially introduced in schools on the philosophy of building a strong vertical relationship between the state and citizens by means of democratic participation and social renewal Tonge et.

Social Researches and Their Findings Numerous small-scale as well as large-scales social researches have been conducted for determining the effect of citizenship education in schools. Citizenship education has a long but unsteady history in England. With the introduction of education as a compulsory subject in the early nineteenth century, material regarding civic education was produced on the demands of school teachers and private school boards, a trend that was adopted rapidly.

By the start of the twentieth century, a movement calling for adopting citizenship education and making it compulsory in learning centers began to take shape.

Paper Details

As a result of this, the Association of Education in Citizenship was formed in following huge pressure from its advocators. However, this movement was sidelined during the Second World War and the belief that religious education is sufficient for creating responsible citizens gained dominance Democratic life , p. The introduction of citizenship education as a subject in educational institutions, which was finally implemented in , provided an official presence to the teaching of political issues McCowan , p.

According to the definition of Citizenship as given by Gearon, L , p. And citizenship education is about building a relationship between state and its citizens. Teaching citizenship to students involves exploring dominant moral and political current debates. It also includes promoting fundamental civic values and character traits that are considered vital for building a responsible national community. Education for citizenship has been enforced as a separate subject because educationalist and scholars believe that such an academic training will aid students in their development as a responsible and contributing citizen Jerome , p.

The National Curricula for citizenship education has been designed in order to enable students to; 1 deliberate and respond to political, social and national issues with enhanced confidence, 2 understand their duties as a citizen, 3 acquire a better understanding of the dramatically change political dynamics and social structures, 4 get enhanced understanding of the political and state forces that influence their lives, 5 discover their potential for collective and individual efforts, 6 be motivated for actively participating in the wider community, 7 be fully aware of their rights and duties towards other, 8 acquire the values and attitudes which are essential if they are to live in a culturally diverse society.

With all these aims at its heart, it is not difficult to understand why citizenship education is of immense importance. If these teaching objectives are achieved, schools can bring about a social transformation. These objectives will be discussed in detail in the following paragraphs. If children are given citizenship education from an early age, they are likely to be more accustomed to dealing with their differences in a rational way and will accept these differences as something normal.

Why Should Young People Study Citizenship in Schools?

Citizenship education helps individuals to learn to respect people with different ethnic backgrounds, nationalities and cultures Citizenship Foundations n. As societies continue to grow into multicultural diverse communities and people from all parts of the world migrate to developed countries in search of better opportunities, a significant rise in prejudicial attitudes and stereotypical behavior towards people of different nationalities has been observed, which has also given rise to several psychological, social, judicial as well as political problems.

If citizenship education is imparted in primary schools and if it successfully meet its goals, then such biased attitudes can be prevented to a great extent Kerr , p.


  • Schools leading the way in citizenship education | Teacher Network | The Guardian.
  • The Rough Guide to Gambia 2 (Rough Guide Travel Guides)!
  • Civics Education is the Foundation for Global Citizenship | Asia Society.
  • "Citizenship education: understanding the perspectives and practice of parents. ";

Civics or citizenship education is interpreted generally to involve the preparation of young mind playing their role effectively in the society and this is accomplished by making them conscious of their social and moral duties and responsibilities as a citizen of a democratic society Gearon , p. These elements encompass economic and legal system, roles and forms of government, civil and criminal justice, contribution of the volunteer sector, political machinery, community cohesion, human rights and other essentials of a democratic state.

Should Schools Teach National Values Over Global Values?

If taught in a well-planned and effective manner, citizenship education is likely to help students develop their analytical skills, challenge social injustice, bias, discrimination and inequalities and critically discuss various political, social and moral problems prevailing in the society. Citizenship education is a term which has been distinguished from civics education but it incorporates wide range of subjects including social sciences, civics, social studies, moral education, life skills and world studies.

In addition to this, it also has strong association with subjects such as religious studies, economics, history, law, environmental studies and geography Kerr , p.

(PDF) Citizenship Education | Michael P M Mhlanga - bookspibeagitland.gq

The diversity of subjects and the link with wide variety to topics depicts the importance, scope and complexity of the issues that are addressed in this field. The significance of Citizenship education has grown dramatically in last four decades and continues to increase as nations are faced with newer socio-economic and political challenges and they seek to better prepare young people to efficiently overcome these challenges of the swiftly changing world. Many countries today are introducing educational, or to be specific, curricula reforms and citizenship education is an integral part of the restructuring process Kerr , p.

K or comparatively weaker such as Hungary, Pakistan are steadily responding to global changes taking place in the area of schooling and academics and hence, the need to train young people to become good citizens has been realized by all. Citizenship education serves to develop the key values and fundamental beliefs that play an important role in the establishment of a healthy democratic state. Such a course equips young minds to critically engage with diverse values, ideas and beliefs they share as citizens and to better understand how the global society is changing National Curriculum Citizenship education was initially introduced in schools on the philosophy of building a strong vertical relationship between the state and citizens by means of democratic participation and social renewal Tonge et.

However, concerns over the political involvement of youth and the continual emphasis on the need to enable them to socialize better gave way to stress on the need to redefine national identity and the sense of belonging. In UK particularly, these concerns were driven largely by the riots in Bradford and Oldham and gain intensity with the London attacks. In the recent years, increasing efforts have been made to tune citizenship education with the right political knowledge that could bring about civil renewal and ensure active citizenship.

As argued by Blunkett cited in Tonge et. It has also been argued that making citizenship a part of school curriculum, a more tolerant, civic and more demanding sense of nationalism can be generate Tonge et. Citizenship not only lays stress on the social and political dimensions but also takes into account the impact of historical context. Numerous small-scale as well as large-scales social researches have been conducted for determining the effect of citizenship education in schools.

The National Foundation for Education Research carried out an empirical study in to investigate the influence of citizenship education programs on the learning outcomes and experiences of individuals Keating et. The main objectives of the study were to evaluate the short-term as well as the long-term effects of citizenship education on youth, to find out whether different teaching processes can have different outcomes and finally, to highlight any potential changes that can be made to improve the effectiveness of such courses.

The findings of the research showed that citizenship practices of young people have significantly changed over time in terms of their efficacy, attitudes and attachments, however the results are mixed. The research suggested that citizenship learning should be begin at school level and must go beyond college level in order to improve its effectiveness. It was also recommended that certain changes in the teaching procedures need to be adopted for enhanced political literacy Keating et.


  1. What is civic education?;
  2. Paper Details!
  3. The Hope of Glory: 100 Daily Meditations on Colossians.